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   Guanying Tower is located next to the Xianghu Scenic Area in Nanchang. It has three floors and the exhibition hall area on the first floor is about 1600m². In 2005, under the care and support of the Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government and the direct leadership of the Municipal Cultural Bureau, our museum held a large-scale cultural relics exhibition "Nanchang History Two Thousand Years" on the first floor of Guanying City, and officially opened to the public on May 1st. . The exhibition is divided into five parts according to the sequence of historical development: the first part is “the pharynx chokes Jinghuai, the wings obscure Wu Yue”; the second part“southern prosperity, prosperous southern Xinjiang”; the third part“the Jiangnan metropolis, the style of writing The Prosperity & rdquo; The fourth part “ The feudal vassal Nanchang, Ning Fu is rich & rich & rdquo;; The fifth part & ldquo; Famous eunuchs in the Qing Dynasty, honored in the annals of history ”. Mainly the collection of fine cultural relics, supplemented by pictures, models, sand tables and other forms, it vividly shows the development history of Nanchang since its establishment.

 

Nanchang Museum  Nanchang Museum

 

Nanchang Museum  Nanchang Museum

 

Nanchang Museum  Nanchang Museum

 

The first part is the three rivers and the five lakes, controlling the barbarians and attracting Ouyue span>

 

   Nanchang is located at the lower reaches of the Ganjiang River, southwest of Poyang Lake, with dense water networks, numerous rivers and lakes, and fertile land. It is surrounded by the current provinces of Hunan, Hubei, Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, and Guangdong. Occupying Nanchang, the west can control Jingchu (Hunan, Hubei), and the east can connect Ouyue (Zhejiang) to form a single piece, and the country can be stabilized; Nan can "Changda Southern Xinjiang". Therefore, Nanchang's geographical position is unique and the situation is dangerous, and it has always been a strategic location for military strategists. There is a very classic phrase in Wang Bo's "Preface to the Pavilion of the King of Teng": "Bring the three rivers and bring the five lakes, and control the wild Jing while attracting Ouyue. "He was talking about the special and dangerous location of Nanchang.

   The so-called "Sanjiang" and "Five Lakes" have different opinions. "Sanjiang" is a saying that after the Yangtze River passes through Pengli Lake (now Poyang Lake), it splits into the sea in three ways, so it is called Sanjiang. There is also a saying that refers to Nanjiang in Wuchang, Hubei, Zhongjiang in Jiujiang, Jiangxi, and Beijiang in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu. "Five Lakes", one way refers to Lake Tai, Poyang, Qingcao, Dongting, and Danyang; the other refers to Lake Pengli, Dongting, Chaohu, Taihu, and Jianhu. In short, it refers to large lakes such as Poyang Lake in the Yangtze River Basin.

  “Manjing”, the ancient Chinese commentary on the land of the southern barbarian in Jingchu, here refers to Hubei and Hunan.

  “Ouyue”, Dongou (now Yongjia County, Zhejiang Province), the capital of the ancient Eastern Yue kings, is close to the Ou River, and was inhabited by the ancient Yue nationality, hence the name Ou Yue refers to the area of ​​Zhejiang today.

 

Nanchang Museum

 

Nanchang Museum  Nanchang Museum

 

Stone Shovel Age: Shang and Zhou Dynasty Source: Urban Zhongshan City Construction Site Stone Edge Age: Neolithic Age Source: Nanchang City Collection in Liuhu Village, Xinjian County

 

Part Two: Southern Prosperity and Great Southern Xinjiang

 

   Liu Bang established the Western Han Dynasty in 206 BC. After sending troops to pacify the south of the Yangtze River, Yuzhang County was established, with 18 counties under its jurisdiction, and Nanchang County was governed by the county. Since then, Nanchang and Jiangxi have independent administrative divisions. Guan Ying led troops to Nanchang in the fifth year of Emperor Han Gaozu (202 BC), and in the second year (201 BC) he built a city in Nanchang, and appointed Zhang Wen to be responsible for the specific design. This city is commonly known as "Guanying City" or "Guancheng".

Nanchang Museum

Infant statues
Nanchang Museum

Infant statues
Nanchang Museum

Mirror with four breasts, dragon, phoenix, auspicious beasts, era: Unearthed from the third coal ball factory in Wanli, Eastern Han Dynasty
Nanchang Museum

Mirror with four breasts, dragon, phoenix, auspicious beasts, era: Unearthed from the third coal ball factory in Wanli, Eastern Han Dynasty

 

Part 3: Jiangnan Metropolis

 

  The style of writing flourished in the Tang Dynasty. Nanchang City experienced several major changes and developments. The city was more than double the size of Guanying City in the Han Dynasty, and gradually moved westward to the banks of the Gan River, becoming a waterway transportation hub. Today Nanchang City is in the Tang Dynasty. Formed on the basis of the city.

 

Nanchang Museum

 

A corner of Nanchang City in Tang Dynasty

 

Part IV: Feng Fan Nanchang Ningfu Fuhou

 

   The peasant uprising at the end of the Yuan Dynasty shaken the ruling foundation of the Yuan Dynasty, and there appeared separatist forces such as Liu Futong and Han Liner; Zhima Li, Guo Zixing; Xu Shouhui, Chen Youliang, and Zhang Shicheng. Zhu Yuanzhang adopted the strategy of "building walls high, accumulating grain, and slowly becoming king". The forces continued to grow stronger, and eventually defeated the separate forces, destroyed the Yuan Dynasty, and established the Ming Dynasty. In the battle between Zhu Yuanzhang and Chen Youliang for the sphere of influence, Chen Youliang led his army to besiege Nanchang with a claim of 600,000. The defender Zhu Wenzheng (Zhu Yuanzhang’s nephew) led Nanchang soldiers and civilians to fight day and night, so that Chen Youliang failed to break the city of Nanchang for nearly three months. There is nothing to do, which shows the solidity of the Nanchang city wall. Later, Zhu Yuanzhang led a large army to help, forcing Chen Youliang to abandon the attack on Nanchang. The two armies fought in Poyang Lake. Chen Youliang was defeated and perished, laying the foundation for Zhu Yuanzhang to establish the Ming Dynasty.

 

Nanchang Museum

 

Model: Mingning Palace

 

Part 5 The Annals of Famous Eunuchs in the Qing Dynasty are honored

 

   From the end of the Ming Dynasty to the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, Nanchang did not go through a major war, the residents’ lives tended to be stable and the economy continued to develop.

 

Nanchang Museum

 

Model: Nanchang City in Qing Dynasty

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