"Three liters" lacquer bowl
Tang (618-907 AD)
height 11 cm, caliber 17.4 cm, base diameter 15 cm
Excavated from the construction site of Jiangxi Electrical Machinery Plant, Xihu District, Nanchang City in 1995
Food container. Lacquerware, clamped tires. Curl mouth, round lips, slip shoulders, bulge, flat bottom. The carcass is light and thin. The whole body is painted in black, and the color is jet black and bright. The outer abdomen is red lacquer regular script with two characters "three liters".
The bowl was first seen in the Neolithic Age and has been used in subsequent generations. With the eastward spread of Buddhism, a vessel similar to a Chinese bowl was introduced. It has a big mouth, flat body, and flat bottom. As one of the six Buddhist monks, it is also a food container for monks. The Northern Song Dynasty Gao Cheng’s "Ji Yuan · Shi Wu Ji Yuan· Bowl" contains: “This Tianzhu country implements, the old saying is that the bowl is many arhats, the cloud should be the measuring device, and the other dialect is omitted, so the name is bowl. The Buddha Bowl in the West is also. The king of Song Lujiang paid Zuzhen with a copper bowl. Between the Jin and Song dynasties, it was first used by Zhongxia. "It can be seen that the bowls used by Buddhists and monks were popular in the Six Dynasties. There are many bronze and celadon bowls in the Tang Dynasty. The blue and white porcelain bowls are popular in the Five Dynasties and Song Dynasty, and those with intact lacquer bowls of various generations are rare. This lacquer bowl is written "three liters" to prove that it can be eaten. Therefore, the lacquer bowl is very precious and provides a rare material for the study of Buddhism in the Tang Dynasty.
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